What is Web Scraping?

Swetha Ramesh
October 18, 2023

In the digital era, data is king, and web scraping has become a pivotal technique to harness the huge volume of information available on the internet. Web scraping, also known as web harvesting or web data extraction, enables individuals and businesses to extract data from different websites quickly and efficiently. Whether you’re a developer looking to automate data extraction or a company using it for market intelligence, web scraping helps in data-driven decision making and provides a competitive edge across many scenarios.

Introduction to Web Scraping

If you’re reading this post, chances are that this is your first step into the world of web scraping. Let’s start with the basics by defining the technique and the many advantages it offers.

What is Web Scraping?

Simply put, web scraping refers to the process of extracting data from websites. It involves automated tools that collect information from web pages and export it into a more useful format, like a spreadsheet or an API. Web scrapers allow users to access and use all kinds of online data, ranging from stock prices and product details to sports statistics and company contacts.

Benefits of Web Scraping

Web scraping goes beyond just gathering data; it provides valuable information that can help businesses grow and innovate. Other ways that the practice can be indispensable for companies include:

Data Accuracy:

  • Real-Time Insights: Providing data in real-time to make timely and informed decisions.
  • Data Quality: Ensuring high-quality and factual data for better analysis.

Competitive Advantage:

  • Market Analysis: Analyzing competitor strategies and market trends to stay ahead.
  • Customer Preferences: Tailoring products or services based on customers’ desires.


  • Automated Data Collection: Reducing manual labor and time by automating the data extraction process.
  • Budget-Friendly: Offering a cost-effective approach to gather a lot of data quickly.

A Brief History of Web Scrapers

To understand how web scraping gained the prominence it has today, it’s important to learn about how the practice came to be and what it looked like in the early years. 

Evolution of Web Scraping

Web scraping has progressed with the development of the World Wide Web. In 1993, the first web crawler known as the Wanderer was created to measure the size of the web. It was followed by the first crawler-based search engine, JumpStation, in the same year. The early 2000s saw the creation of the first Web API and API crawler. However, web scraping as we know it today came out in 2004 after the launch of Beautiful Soup, a popular HTML parser written in Python.

From Manual Copy-Paste to Automated Data Extraction

Web scraping has transformed from manual tasks to automated data extraction processes. While the former involves copying and pasting information from websites into a new document, automated web scrapers can load entire websites and extract specific data that the user selects. Going a step further, advanced web scrapers can render the full website, including CSS and JavaScript elements, before extracting the necessary data. The extracted data can then be exported into workable formats like CSV or JSON.

How Web Scraping Works

Web scraping is an interesting blend of technology and strategy. The technology that facilitates automated data extraction can be complex beneath the surface, but it is made for people to use. Typically, it can be achieved in four simple steps:

  • Identifying the URL of the webpage you want to scrape.
  • Sending a request to the URL.
  • Parsing the HTML response to extract the required data.
  • Storing the data in a structured format like a CSV file, spreadsheet, or database.

There are a few different routes you can take when deciding how you want to extract or monitor data. One option is to code a scraper yourself using programming languages like Python, JavaScript, or TypeScript, with the help of libraries such as Requests, Beautiful Soup, Puppeteer, and Crawlee. Another popular alternative, especially for those without coding knowledge, is using web scraping tools. For example, you can leverage prebuilt robots or create a custom web scraper with Browse AI. You can also turn any website into an API (even without an existing API) through Browse AI.

Common Challenges Faced

Web scraping can be challenging because of factors like IP rate limits and CAPTCHAs. Websites may block or restrict access to scraping bots that send a large number of requests from a single IP address, or they may check HTTP request headers to determine if requests are coming from a real browser. Some websites also use CAPTCHAs to distinguish between humans and bots. To overcome these obstacles, cloud-based web scrapers can send requests with different IP addresses, preventing detection and blocking. Additionally, websites may use browser headers and fingerprints to identify and block bots. Changing browser fingerprints and customizing headers can help bypass these protections and successfully extract data.

Legality of Web Scraping

As web scrapers become more widely used, questions about the legal and ethical nature of the tool arise from time to time. Learning about best practices can go a long way in ensuring that you’re not crossing any lines when scraping.   

Understanding the Legal Limits

Web scraping itself is not illegal, but it is ideal to practice it with caution to be compliant with laws and regulations. The legality of web scraping depends on factors like the type of data being extracted and the terms and conditions set by the website. Extracting non-publicly available data or violating copyright laws can lead to legal consequences. Being aware of the legal limits of web scraping can mean avoiding complications.

Ethical Principles to Recognize

In addition to legal considerations, ethical principles should also be taken into account when engaging in web scraping. Respecting the recommendations of the websites being scraped, avoiding excessive requests that may impact the website's performance, and not using the scraped data for malicious purposes are some ethical practices to keep in mind. While web scraping is an essential tool, it is on the user to adopt it responsibly.

Get Started With Web Scraping

The future of the technology is promising, as it continually evolves to become more streamlined and powerful. It has proven to be an indispensable way to harness the power of the internet for data-driven insights and decisions. Whether you are at the helm of a budding startup or an established enterprise, web scraping can take you a step closer towards success.

If you’re looking for a web scraping solution, Browse AI might be your answer. With Browse AI, you can train custom robots to perform specific actions on websites and extract or monitor vital data effortlessly. You can turn any website into a spreadsheet or API in a matter of minutes, without any technical expertise.

As we forge ahead in this data-driven era, web scrapers are a tool you will want in your arsenal. They offer immense potential for enhancing your digital processes and unlocking new opportunities. Embark on your web scraping journey today and discover the wealth of information waiting to be extracted from the web.

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